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Department of Neonatology

Our Neonatal Intensive treatment Unit (NICU) at Ahalia Hospital provides treatment for babies that require special attention after birth. Preterm birth, low birth weight, respiratory difficulties, low blood sugar, and infection are some of the causes. The department’s goal is to provide comprehensive, cutting-edge intensive care to severely ill neonates in this region. Long-term neurodevelopment follow-up will also be provided for high-risk infants who are discharged from intensive care. A team of neonatologists and neonatal nurses attends all high-risk deliveries. We are fully prepared to handle any neonatal serious disease or condition.

To ensure a successful transition from the intrauterine environment, the department collaborates with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The department is formed up of highly experienced, qualified, and compassionate faculty and nurses who are well trained and equipped to provide the best possible care to neonates admitted to the Neonatal intensive care unit, including complex neonatal problems such as extreme prematurity, respiratory distress syndrome, meconium aspiration syndrome, persistent pulmonary hypertension, neonatal sepsis, and severe neonatal jaundice.


The newborn intensive care unit (NICU ) in Ahalia Hospital, Musaffa is a 13–bed unit(8NICU and 5 Nursery beds), which aims to provide family-centered care for sick newborns requiring Level 2 intensive care. The unit has facilities for conventional and high-frequency ventilation, nasal continuous positive airway pressure ventilation, surfactant replacement therapy, and exchange transfusion. This unit is equipped with incubators, open care systems, monitors, transport incubators with ventilators, and phototherapy units, and has immediate access to sophisticated laboratory facilities, ultrasonography, and MRI. Babies are screened for congenital hypothyroidism, metabolic disorders, hearing defects, and congenital cyanotic heart disease.

Services Available:

  • Neonatal resuscitation at every delivery by trained and NRP-certified staff
  • Evaluation and provision of post-natal care to stable-term newborn infants
  • Follow up in well baby clinic and Lactation Clinic
  • Intensive care for infants above 32 weeks of gestation and weighing above 1500g at birth who have physiologic immaturity or who are moderately ill with problems that are expected to resolve rapidly and are not anticipated to need sub-specialty services on an urgent basis
  • Step-down care for infants convalescing after neonatal intensive care
  • Mechanical ventilation (both conventional and high-frequency ventilation)using modern Dragger ventilators
  • Non-Invasive Ventilation: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP), and synchronized nasal intermittent positive airway pressure ventilation(SNIPPV)
  • Surfactant replacement therapy
  • Stabilization of infants born before 32 weeks of gestation and weighing less than 50g until transfer to a Level 3 neonatal intensive care unit
  • Neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism, metabolic disorders, hearing defects, and congenital cyanotic heart disease
  • Phototherapy including intensive phototherapy for babies with neonatal jaundice
  • Exchange transfusion for severe neonatal jaundice and severe neonatal anemia

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Dr. Ranjit Kumar

Consultant Neonatology

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