The term “urologic diseases” describes a wide variety of conditions, all related to the processing and carrying of urine out of the body. They can affect men, women, and children of all ages.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. It is an increase in the size of the prostate gland. BPH is very common in older men. It is not caused by prostate cancer. Men with BPH may experience a frequent urge to urinate. They may also have a weak stream of urine when they do go and a feeling that the bladder is not empty after urination. Your doctor may choose to just monitor this condition or prescribe medications like alpha-blockers for treatment. It may also be addressed through surgery if it is severe.
Incontinence is a loss of bladder control. It results in the unwanted release of urine. This condition can be inconvenient and embarrassing for sufferers. A few of the most common causes includes diabetes, pregnancy or childbirth, overactive bladder, enlarged prostate, weak bladder muscles, weak sphincter muscles (muscles supporting the urethra), urinary tract infections, diseases including Parkinson’s and multiple sclerosis, injury to the spinal cord, constipation etc.
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
UTIs are the result of undesirable yeast, bacteria, or viruses that invade the urinary tract and cause infection. They are much more common in women, although men can get them too. A burning sensation during urination is one of the symptoms of a UTI. Others include a frequent urge to urinate and the feeling that the bladder is not completely empty after urinating. Antibiotics can usually clear up most UTIs within a few days.
Kidney and Ureteral Stones
Stones develop in the kidneys when there are crystals in the urine and small particles surround and collect on these crystals. Ureteral stones are ones that move from the kidney into the ureter (the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder). These stones can block urine flow and cause a considerable amount of pain. Surgery may be needed in some instances. Shock wave lithotripsy is the most commonly used technique.
Main Urological Conditions
- prostate cancer
- bladder cancer
- bladder prolapse
- hematuria (blood in the urine)
- erectile dysfunction
- interstitial cystitis
- overactive bladder